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However, Luther and the other reformers became the first to skillfully use the power of the printing press to give their ideas a wide audience.
No reformer was more adept than Martin Luther at using the power of the press to spread his ideas.
By the Reformation’s end, Lutheranism had become the state religion throughout much of Germany, Scandinavia and the Baltics.After Henry’s death, England tilted toward Calvinist-infused Protestantism during Edward VI’s six-year reign and then endured five years of reactionary Catholicism under Mary I.In 1559 Elizabeth I took the throne and, during her 44-year reign, cast the Church of England as a “middle way” between Calvinism and Catholicism, with vernacular worship and a revised Book of Common Prayer.The Catholic Church was slow to respond systematically to the theological and publicity innovations of Luther and the other reformers.
The Council of Trent, which met off and on from 1545 through 1563, articulated the Church’s answer to the problems that triggered the Reformation and to the reformers themselves.
They argued for a religious and political redistribution of power into the hands of Bible- and pamphlet-reading pastors and princes.